Wednesday, April 17, 2019

The History of surgical Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

The History of functional Technology - look for ExampleOn the other(a) hand, cutting of the stone refers to perineal lithotomy, suprapubic lithotomy, and transurethral lithotomy. Hippocrates laid the foundation for the practice of redbrick medicine. His work On Injuries of the Head organized medical and surgical knowledge during the fifth century BC with his original observations and served as a significant guide to surgeons for two millennia. Hence, Hippocrates was revered as the Father of practice of medicine. Another ancient surgeon, Galen, extensively wrote about surgery during the first century BC, particularly in Tumors Against Nature, regarded as his some significant treatise (Wilkins, 1992 Zimmerman & Veith, 1993) Lambert (n. d.) and , however, revealed there were many serious errors in Galens works. During the middle ages, barber-surgeons flourished as a barbers were trained to make salves (i. e., medical ointment), dress wounds and bleed, although Wadd (1827) argued that these surgeons pushed themselves forward much into the practice of surgery. In the mid-fourteenth century, some medical schools were given permission to perform dissections of the human being body (Lambert, n. d.). Da Vinci (1982) performed both animal and human dissections around the 16th century and made detailed sketches in his famed notebooks. Meanwhile, Andreas Vesalius distinguished himself in the psychoanalyze of human anatomy, dissection, and as professor of anatomy. His masterpeice De Humani Corporis Fabrica disproved and corrected many of Galens theories (Rutkow, 2008). Another Renaissance surgeon, acclaimed as the most celebrated of his time as Ambroise Pare. Pare, himself a barber-surgeon, was also regarded as the Father of Modern Surgery, although the eighteenth century surgeon John Hunter is also being given the accolate. Among his notable achievements were the invention of surgical instruments such the hemostat clamp artificial limbs and eyes and the truss for use in hernia patients (Zimmerman & Veith, 1993 Lambert, n. d. Kelly, 2009). ordinal century surgery experienced much welcome improvements with the discovery of anesthetics with the combined efforts of Humphry Davy, Henry H. Morgan, and James Simpson. cocain (1884) and novocaine (1905) were also used for their anesthetic properties. Joseph Lister introduced antiseptic surgery. Robert Lawson Tait successfully saved a women despicable from ectopic pregnancy by surgically removing the fallopian tube. The century ended with another significant discovery by Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, the X-ray (Lambert, n. d.). More strides in surgery were made in the 20th century with the identification of the diverse blood types the invention of the pacemaker and laser and a series of firsts in surgical history stock ticker transplant, artificial heart heart and lung transplant, eye surgery, reattachment surgery (Lambert, n. d.). The surgical applied scientist a newer addition to the surgical team Ryan-Flynn (2009) described surgical technologists as health professionals who work in the surgical suite with surgeons, anesthesiologists, registered nurses and other surgical personnel delivering surgical patient care (p. 352). The scope of work of a surgical technologist spans three areas preoperative (before surgery), intraoperative (during surgery) and postoperative (after

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