Friday, February 8, 2019

Organ Transplantation and Ethical Considerations Essay -- Medicine Med

Organ Transplantation and honorable ConsiderationsIn February 2003, 17-year-old Jesica Santillan authorized a heart-lung transplant at Duke University Hospital that went badly awry because, by mistake, doctors used donor organs from a patient with a unalike blood type. The botched operation and subsequent unsuccessful retransplant opened a discussion in the media, in internet chat rooms, and in ethicists circles regarding how we, in the United States, allocate the scarce commodity of organs for transplant. How do we go about allocating a future for people who depart die without a transplant? How do we go about denying it? When so many be waiting for their shot at a life worth living, is it light to grant multiple organs or multiple transplants to a person whose chance for survival is slim to none? And though we, as pity human beings, want to uphold everyone, how far should our benevolence extend beyond our borders? Are we responsible for seeing that the needy who come to Amer ica for help receive their chance, or are we morally responsible to our own citizens except? Rationing scarce resources presents an ethical challenge. I believe that since available organs are so scarce, it is imperative that the utility of donated organs be maximized. In this paper, I suggest that organ allocation be rooted in distributive justice, which demands that equals be treated equally and unequals be treated unequally. I will explore this formal principle and the substantive criteria of equality, need and dexterity (maximum survivability) as they relate to the just allocation of organs for transplant. I will apply these principles of justice to Jsicas case to show that while her graduation exercise transplant was warranted, her second was not. And, fin... ...ut Transplant Error,, Unmesh and Paul Cuadros, A Miracle Denied, Time Magazine, (March 3, 2003) 61.Kirkpatrick, C.D. and Jim Shamp, Was here and now Transplant a Waste of Orga ns? (Herald-Sun, 3/2/03), pull inMunson, Ronald, Intervention and Reflection, 6 ed (Belmont Wadsworth/Thomson Learning,2000).Ubel, Peter A. Robert M. Arnold and Arthur L. Caplan, Rationing Failure The Ethical LessonsOf the Retransplantation of Scarce Vital Organs, reprinted in Arthur L. Caplan and Daniel H. Coelho, The Ethics of Organ Transplants, (Amhurst, NY Prometheus Books,1998), 260-73.Veatch, Robert M., Transplantation Ethics, (Washington, DC Georgetown UP, 2000), 277-413.Vedantam, Shankar, U.S. Citizens Get More Organs Than They Give, (Washington Post,3/3/03),

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