Tuesday, February 12, 2019
Expansion of western europe Essay -- essays research papers
The expansion of Western europium started with the Iberian phase. Spain and Portugal, the two countries of the Iberian Peninsula, had a short-lived yet central role in European expansion. European expansion then moody to Western Europe. Western Europe consists of the Dutch, French, and British. While Western Europe was exploring sensitive worlds overseas, the Russians were expanding westward across all of Eurasia.Religion played a major role in expansion for both the Portuguese and the Spanish due to their extensive anti-Muslim crusade. Due to the over zealous religious fervor of the Christian Iberians, Christianity and thus the Iberians expanded into parts of western Europe during the crusades as Christians move to convert the Muslims who were occupying this area. The Iberians did not stop with the European mainland they were also expanding overseas. They were interested in the fertile land of the Canary Islands, Madeira, Azores and Cape Verde. These islands would also prov e to be strategic acquisitions for the Iberians, as they would eventually provide the Iberians with bases and ports to be used for commerce. throughout the 15th century the Spanish and Portuguese had been exploring lands throughout the Atlantic which group Queen Isabella of Spain to commission Christopher Columbus in 1492 to Discover and acquire islands and mainland in the ocean sea (p.340) which eventually led to the discovery of North America. In the mid 1400s Spain and Portugal began to take separate routes of discovery. Prince Henry of Portugal, in reception to the shortage of bullion in Western Europe, was interested in send his captains to the African coast in search of gold. As a result, numerous Portuguese ports were established along the African coast and The Portuguese were satisfactory to exploit at least a part of the African locomote trade they had sought. (p.340) While Portugal was focused on expansion along the African coast the Spanish were the first to discover the newborn world condescension the lack of geographical knowledge the Spaniards and Columbus in particular possessed. This new world wasnt quite what Columbus had though it was, however as Columbus maintained to his death that he had reached Asia. He hadnt, He had arrive at one of the Bahaman Islands, San Salvador. (p. 342) Columbus distorted reality proved to... ...d eighteenth centuries ended in an overwhelming British triumph. (p.364). Britain now had complete break of the New England colonies of North America.While the western Europeans were busy expanding all over the globe the Russian focused on expansion into Asia. The gathering of the Russian lands (p373) occurred during the reign of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century. All of Russia was now unify under Moscow. The Russians eventually crossed the Ural Mountains and gained control of all of Siberia. The Russians then travel southward into the Amur valley where they More than met their match (p.375) the Chinese empir e. The age of Russian expansion ended with the signing of the Nerchinsk treaty, which remained in effect for over clxx years.Due to the explorations of the Iberians, Dutch, English, French and Russians, lands were discovered that encompass a large voice of the world as we know it today. Due to many advances in oceanic technology, geography and military powers, these groups were able to conquer much of the world in a relatively short amount of time.